Kali Linux is a popular free and open-source operating system used mainly for Digital Forensics & Penetration Testing. It is the most widely used penetration testing platform developed by Offensive Security Limited which is based on Debian.
Kali contains numerous tools needed by the security professional to perform different types of digital forensics. Such as Nmap, Aircrack-ng, Burp Suite and Kismet among many others. It comes equipped with all prerequisite programs right out of the box so that users don’t have to install them separately. The variety of hacking tools helps an individual or team quickly identify network security issues. It exploits those weaknesses before malicious attackers can launch any payloads or steal sensitive data from vulnerable network systems. Some notable features about Kali include being lightweight and user friendly yet very powerful. Its ability to run in both Graphical Mode (GUI) and Command mode (CLI). The easy customizations using preconfigured settings and robust virtualization support for running Windows programs on Linux are present within Linux. The active community forum with official hosted repositories helps users collect materials related to offensive security activities easily. The incremental release updates function systematically via its rolling distribution model. Kali no doubt proves it to be one of the best choices for security professionals and systems.
Kali Linux is a powerful and versatile operating system, popular with ethical hackers, due to its data recovery features. Its security-focused tools make it an ideal for those who need to analyze digital storage devices to track potential threats. The first step when utilizing Kali Linux’s forensics capabilities is gaining access to the targeted device.It includes inspection without harming primary evidence, inspecting encrypted file systems and hidden containers, and analyzing network traffic logs. The leaving traces of forensic value such as IP Addresses, utilize several avionic instrumentation utilities for investigation into log files drivers. Then users can begin evaluating data stored on the device through various scans and analysis processes. This includes scanning drives for artifacts left behind by malicious actors. The deleted files that still exist in recoverable form; pulling volatile memory directly from RAM or BIOS modules.
The Wireless Networking feature of Kali Linux offers options to assess the clients, access points, networks, communication channels and protocols. It can detect network configuration settings such as security keys and authentication modes. It provides access point information such as SSID or BSSID along with all other relevant details. Once you have gained the required privileges make your assessment complete. All these features are bundled into Kali Linux which makes it the best choice when performing penetration tests/audit for wireless networks. It includes an array of tools for assessing Wireless Network security. The Wi-Fi network parameters like encryption methods applied on access points within its range. With monitor mode enabled devices on a target network will appear if they have their wireless interfaces disabled from active scans. It helps in capturing data packets after ejection by wireless routers/access points. It helps perform attacks like Man-in-The-Middle (MITM) attacks.