What Is HTML?

HTML is the markup language used in building web pages. It defines the structure of a web page, including what text and graphics to display. It also tells web browsers where those elements will appear on the page.

HTML includes a variety of tags, or elements, that define the structure of a web page. These include labels for text, hyperlinks, images, and other content.

Can I use HTML on my website? 

Yes – HTML can create your own web pages using any text editor or web browser.

What do the different tag attributes mean? 

The various tag attributes can have many meanings. For example, some tag attributes may show the type of element created when HTML is used to markup a document (e.g., an element for hyperlinks).

Others may reveal specific details about how that element should appear on the screen (e.g., the font size).

How are tag names selected?

Tag name selection is a complicated process, and there are many factors considered by developers.

Tag names need to be short and easy to type (for web page text editors. However, they must still convey the correct information about the element they represent.

What tools are used to create HTML markup? 

Various web page markup tools are available, including HTML editors for popular web browser platforms like Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox, as well as desktop text editors like Notepad++ or LibreOffice.

What significance does the id attribute have in HTML? 

The id attribute is essential in HTML because it allows web page authors to uniquely identify any element on a page. This can be useful for assigning hyperlinks, for example, or tracking the progress of a web page’s markup (e.g., by using the document’s ID as part of an AJAX call).

How do you create hyperlinks in HTML?

We can create hyperlinks in HTML by using the ahref attribute. For example, to create a hyperlink to page1.html on your web server, you could use the following markup: <a href=”page1.html”>Page 1</a>

What is an element, and what are its attributes? 

An element is a tag that represents a type of content on a web page. The most common elements are HTML, body, head, and font. Attributes are the small data packets attached to tags (e.g., href for hyperlinks).

Some attributes might identify the element (e.g., id for an element with unique tracking). In contrast, others might provide specific information about how that element should appear on screen (such as font size in relation to text size).

What browser support is there for HTML elements and attributes? 

Browser support for HTML elements and attributes is generally pretty good. However, certain browser features (like web page zoom) can override the default markup browsers use, so you’ll need to take care when specifying specific markup details to ensure compatibility with all your web page users.

How can you create an HTML document from scratch? 

To create an HTML document from scratch, you could use a text editor like Microsoft Word or Notepad to copy and paste markup code into the document’s text area.

Alternatively, you could use web page development tools like Dreamweaver or Expression Web to generate the markup.

How can you change the text versus markup of an HTML document? 

You can change the text versus markup of an HTML document using web page development tools such as Dreamweaver or Expression Web.

These tools allow you to change the markup code of a web page, which will change the text content displayed on the screen.

Hypertext Markup Language Basics Explained

HTML History

What is the history of HTML? HTML is a language that web developers use to create web pages. HTML emerged in the late 1990s as part of a project called HTML 2.0, which sought to improve the markup language used in earlier versions of the World Wide Web.

Since its inception, HTML has been updated several times, most recently in version 4.01 (released in 2006). Since that time, the version of HTML used to design webpages has morphed into an unofficial version known as HTML5.

How Does HTML Work?

HTML is composed of tags. A tag is a word or phrase surrounded by opening and closing angle brackets (< >).

Tags tell web page developers what type of markup to use and where to find specific content on the page.

The most common types of tags used in HTML are <h1>, <p> and <strong>.

What Are the Benefits of using HTML?

Using markup language allows web page developers to structure their pages in a more organized and efficient way. By specifying which tags to use, web page developers can control the appearance and functionality of their pages.

What Is HTML Used For?

Most web pages use HTML to contain text, images, and other elements. Web page developers use markup language to specify how these elements should be formatted on screen. This allows them to control the appearance and functionality of their web pages.

Block-Level Elements

Block-level elements are just that — blocks of text or images surrounded by opening and closing angle brackets (< >).

For example, the following markup syntax creates a block of text that is 20 pixels wide and 30 pixels tall: <p> This paragraph is 20px wide and 30px tall.</p>

Inline Elements

What are inline elements? Inline elements are text, images, or other elements that appear directly within a document’s markup.

For example, the following markup syntax creates an element that is 20 pixels wide and 30 pixels tall: <p>This paragraph is 20px wide and 30px tall.</p>

What Can I Include in My HTML Pages? 

You can include text, images, hyperlinks, and more inside HTML pages.

Understanding HTML and Improving Your HTML Knowledge

By understanding HTML and improving your HTML knowledge, you can control the appearance and functionality of your web pages.

Is HTML Easy to Learn?

With the help of a tutorial or online resource like W3 Schools, you can quickly begin learning how to use HTML markup.

How Are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript Related?

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are all related to each other. HTML creates webpages. CSS is a website programming language that uses style sheets to format the look and feel of HTML pages. JavaScript is a programming language that can interact with web pages.


This article has covered what HTML is and some basics of how it works. We’ve also discussed how HTML markup can create web pages that look and function the way you desire. Finally, we’ve offered a few resources to help you learn more about HTML markup and HTML development.